FCE Challenge #2: Cause, result, make and have

 In Design

What’s the difference?

Here’s the Use of English question I posted two days ago.

This is such a confusing question – especially the difference between the verbs ’cause’ and ‘result’.

So what’s the correct answer?

OPTION A: caused is correct. Did you get it right?

The company’s unfair policy on overtime caused many employees to quit and find other jobs.

The meaning of cause and result are pretty similar but the two verbs follows different patterns.

For example, if you wanted to use ‘resulted’ instead, you would say:

The company’s unfair policy on overtime resulted IN many employees to QUITTING and FINDING other jobs.

So the two patterns we have seen here are:

cause sb to do (infinitive) OR cause sth to happen (infinitive)

result in sb doing (gerund) OR result in sth happening (gerund)

By the way, ‘sth’ stands for ‘something’ and ‘sb’ stands for ‘somebody’. It’s very convenient for lazy teachers (me) and lazy students (maybe, you?).

Okay, so why did the examiner give you the last two options – are they just random words?

Not at all!

You can use the verb ‘make’ and ‘have’ in causative sentences. If you are not sure how to use this type of grammar, make sure you sign up for the email newsletter below. I am going to make a Youtube video AND a blog post on this and you don’t want to miss that!

When you sign up, you’ll also get a free Speaking test and a secret gift as well, and of course you will get lots of other resources and discounts for my online courses.

Seriously, what are you waiting for?

Finally, make sure you like my Facebook page or Instagram page so that you can get more of these questions straight to your timeline every 3 days! Don’t forget to ask me questions on these posts so that I can feature them on this blog and explain it in detail. If you have other questions, go ahead and comment below!

See you in three days! 🙂

Love,

Anu x

FCE Expert

 

 

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